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Theodore Smith
Theodore Smith

Health Psychology: An Introduction To Behavior And Health Download [TOP]

This eighth edition retains the core aspects that have,kept this book a leader throughout the decades: (1) ambalance between the science and applications of the field of health psychology and (2) a clear and engaging review of classic and cutting-edge research on behavior and health.

Health Psychology: An Introduction to Behavior and Health download

In this edition, we bring a fresh new voice to the writing team: John A. Updegraff. John earned his PhD from one of the top health psychology programs in the United States. He is an influential researcher in health psychology, an acclaimed psychology instructor, and an expert in the areas of health behavior and stress. John brings his passion, knowledge, and (occasional) humor to this revision, so the textbook remains current, accurate, and a delightful read for instructors and students.

A psychologist treats a patient through psychotherapy, helping to relieve symptoms through behavioral change. The role of the psychiatrist, who is a medical doctor, focuses more on prescribing medication and other interventions to manage mental health conditions.

Psychologists may have other roles, too. They may carry out studies to advise health authorities and other bodies on social and other strategies, assess children who find it difficult to learn in school, give workshops on how to prevent bullying, work with recruitment teams in companies, and much more.

A physician often looks first at the biological causes of a disease, but a health psychologist will focus on the whole person and what influences their health status. This may include their socioeconomic status, education, and background, and behaviors that may have an impact on the disease, such as compliance with instructions and medication.

In 1890, an American philosopher, William James, published a book entitled Principles of Psychology. It was discussed by psychologists worldwide for many decades. In the same year, New York State passed the State Care Act, in which people with mental health problems were to leave poor houses and enter the hospital for treatment.

While the vast majority of these apps do not have peer-reviewed research to support their claims, health experts predict they will play an important role in the future of mental health care by providing innovative solutions for the self-management of mental health disorders. Some researchers are working on guidelines for mental health apps and in the meantime, the American Psychiatric Association has developed an app rating system to help psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, psychotherapists, and other mental health clinicians assess the efficacy and risks of mobile and online apps.

To be clear, the American Psychiatric Association doesn't explicitly rate mobile health apps for their members. Their app evaluation model gives practitioners a way to make informed decisions when considering whether an app works for them and their patients. The system provides feedback about the app in the areas of safety/privacy; scientific evidence supporting efficacy; easy of use and interoperability (the app's ability to enable downloading/sharing of the data for further interpretation).

But other mental health professionals question the effectiveness of mental health apps when used in isolation. Tanisha Ranger, PsyD, a psychologist who has used a variety of mental health apps with her patients, finds they're an excellent way to help people stay connected outside of sessions to the work they are doing in therapy, but is critical of their use as an alternative or replacement for traditional treatment.

If you lack the time or resources or just want some additional help in addressing mental health needs, take a look below at our roundup of mental health apps and see if using one can help you feel better. We will continue adding and updating this list so be sure to check back often. (*Note: App selections based on user feedback; not scientific methods.)

MoodKit uses the foundation of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and provides users with over 200 different mood improvement activities. Developed by two clinical psychologists, MoodKit helps you learn how to change how you think, and develop self-awareness and healthy attitudes. The journal feature is a great way to practice self-care by reflecting on the day, noting any distressing thoughts, and documenting how you overcame them. ($4.99; iOS)

MindShift is one of the best mental health apps designed specifically for teens and young adults with anxiety. Rather than trying to avoid anxious feelings, MindShift stresses the importance of changing how you think about anxiety. Think of this app as the cheerleader in your pocket, encouraging you to take charge of your life, ride out intense emotions, and face challenging situations. (Free; iOS and Android)

GG OCD aims to improve OCD symptoms by increasing the user's awareness of negative thoughts and training the brain to push those aside to embrace a more positive outset. The app takes the users through various levels, each consisting of short games around a specific theme. From how to automatically replace negative self-talk with positive thoughts, to belief in change, building self-esteem and more, this app takes its user on a journey towards a healthier thinking pattern. (Free; iOS and Android)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that's triggered by a traumatic event and affects roughly 8 million adults a year. Symptoms can include flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts about the event. Left untreated, PTSD can impact daily functioning, which is why getting help from a mental health provider is crucial. If you are suffering from PTSD and need help, call the National Center for PTSD at 1-800-273-8255. Though not a substitute for treatment, the following apps can be useful for those with PTSD to cope with anxiety and anger and find support.

Targeted toward Black millennials and Gen-Zs, this app includes a mood journal, Black therapist directory, blogs and videos about mental health issues, faith-based coping and more. Creator Dr. Chanda Reynolds focuses on "the impact of transgenerational trauma on the Black community, the integration of faith and mental health, and mental health within the Black church" in her work. (Free; iOS and Android)

Created for anyone who wants to learn more about Black mental health, the app provides inspirational quotes, videos and a podcast, forum discussions and self-care tips on coping after police brutality, mental health in the Black church, talking with family and friends who may not want to understand mental illness, meditation, exercise and more. (Free; iOS and Android)

Jenny is a lifestyle, travel, design, beauty, and health writer and editor. Her work has appeared in The Wall Street Journal, Cosmopolitan, Refinery 29 and more. Her favorite psychology topics to cover are neuroticism (and the other Big Five), the power of mindset, and self-care.

The objective of the minor in health psychology is to provide students with knowledge regarding the relationship between psychological and behavioral processes and health and illness. Distinct from other specialty areas in psychology, health psychology focuses on how biology, psychology, behavior, and social factors influence health and illness.

This minor seeks to benefit students by highlighting the unique features of this specialty area and help students understand how to apply this knowledge to the provision of health services and various career paths relevant to health psychology, should they choose to pursue careers in professional psychology focused on the promotion of health. The minor in health psychology is designed for undergraduate students from a variety of disciplines within Bouvé and across the university who wish to expand and to apply their understanding in key concepts of behavioral science and how they inform and intersect with public health, prevention science, clinical applications, and interdisciplinary and interprofessional care.

These courses instruct students on basic, foundational principles of mental/behavioral health and the role of psychology in overall health and well-being in applied settings. Students may choose three other electives based on their specific interests.

Call our Access and Information Line at 1-800-510-9132 to learn about services. Our team can help you schedule an appointment with a provider. The Access and Information Center can also help if you find yourself in behavioral health crisis.

This article, the first in a series on health psychology, introduces the subject and some of the models which seem particularly relevant to diabetes care. These include the health belief model, the health locus of control model, the theory of planned behaviour, and the transtheoretical theory of behaviour change. Examples of how these theories apply directly to the care of patients with diabetes are explored. The intention is to promote greater insight, further reading and, hopefully, future application of the theories in research studies.

Health psychology is a relatively new discipline, emerging in the context of a challenge to traditional biomedical models of illness. Briefly, these traditional models see illness as arising from external forces (e.g. bacteria) over which the individual has no control. There is no continuum between mental and physical aspects of illness and the two are regarded as entirely separate. Treatment is solely in the hands of the healthcare professional. By contrast, health psychology views mental processes as not only intertwined with physical processes in illness, but also as a potential contributory factor to both health and illness. The individual is seen as having an active, rather than passive, role in the cause, progression and outcome of illness. The biopsychosocial model (Table 1) illustrates how these various components interact.

Models, constructs and theories These are many and varied. Some have emerged or been adapted from learning or behavioural theories; others have been derived directly from health psychology research. A selection of those models that seem to have direct relevance to diabetes appear below. The basics of each are described, along with a brief critique and suggestions of potential applications to diabetes care.


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